Daily Archives: December 14, 2010
The term “brainwashing” came into common language through the work of American journalist Edward Hunter who was an expert of Oriental issues; the very word being the direct translation of Chinese “hsi-nao”. By “hsi-nao” the Chinese meant certain techniques in dealing with adversaries and/or training of officials. To the Western usage the term “brainwashing” spread in the 1950s through several publications depicting the treatment of American soldiers at Chinese prison camp during the Korean War 1950-1953.
Below is a list of the usual brainwashing/mind control techniques used in schools, hospitals, army, religious cults, totalitarian states; with political prisoners and dissidents, mentally insane, some versions of psychoterapy, etc., etc. “Indoctrination” is a more slight and more subliminal form of brainwashing (e.g. commercials). However, these concepts are nothing short of controversial and open to various interpretations, which should be kept in mind while perusing the Web sources below.
Judging by the extremely diverse material on the subject found from the Net, the funny thing about the term “brainwashing” itself is that it can be handily appropriated by just anyone — whether they were right-wing or left-wing, religious people or anti-cultists — to support their claims of their opponents (supposedly using these “brainwashing” techniques) being miserable, no-good wretches (see: propaganda). I became not a little bit cynical after wallowing through tons of Web pages by religious bigots, downright wackos (most usual was the claim of government having secret mind control experiments with microwaves) and so-called (American right-wing fascist/racist) patriots, but tried to put here those that I found useful or at least interesting myself. (In other words, after browsing an otherwise decent and respectable-looking page for a while you might start smelling a rat.) I can’t guarantee the information found from some of these pages is totally unprejudiced or scientifically verifiable under skeptical observation. So, it’s up to you to decide whether to believe them or not.
1) HYPNOSIS – Inducing a high state of suggestibility, often thinly disguised as relaxation or meditation.
a. Repetitive Music (most likely with a beat close to the human heart 45 to 72 beats per minute). Most likely used during “study sessions” as the teacher will say the music helps you relax and concentrate better!
b. Voice Roll — A “voice roll” is a patterned, paced style used by hypnotists when inducing a trance. It is also used by many lawyers, several of whom are highly trained hypnotists, when they desire to entrench a point firmly in the minds of the jurors. A voice roll can sound as if the speaker were talking to the beat of a metronome or it may sound as though he were emphasizing every word in a monotonous, patterned style. The words will usually be delivered at the rate of 45 to 60 beats per minute, maximizing the hypnotic effect.
c. Room “Feel” – The way a room feels is essential to hypnotizing unknowing subjects. It needs special lighting, florescent lights are best because they aren’t too dim, but aren’t too harsh. Also, Room Temp helps a bit, usually a little cooler than normal room temperature. You need to have the unknowing subjects very relaxed, perhaps even close to falling asleep.
2) PEER GROUP PRESSURE – Suppressing doubt and resistance to new ideas by exploiting the need to belong.
3) “LOVE BOMBING” – Creating a sense of family through physical touch, thought & feeling sharing and emotional bonding.
4) REJECTION OF OLD VALUES – Accelerating acceptance of new lifestyle by constantly denouncing former beliefs and values.
5) CONFUSING DOCTRINE – Encouraging blind acceptance and rejection of logic through complex lectures on an incomprehensible doctrine.
6) METACOMMUNICATION – Implanting subliminal messages by stressing certain key words or phrases in long, confusing lectures.
7) REMOVAL OF PRIVACY – Achieving loss of ability to evaluate logically by preventing private contemplation.
8) DISINHIBITION – Encouraging child-like obedience by orchestrating child-like behaviour
9) UNCOMPROMISING RULES – Inducing regression and disorientation by soliciting agreement to seemingly simple rules which regulate mealtimes, bathroom breaks and use of medications.
10) VERBAL ABUSE – Desensitizing through bombardment with foul and abusive language. (Physical abuse, such as torture, is the more extreme form of this.)
11) SLEEP DEPRIVATION AND FATIGUE – Creating disorientation and vulnerability by prolonging mental an physical activity and withholding adequate rest and sleep.
12) DRESS CODES – Removing individuality by demanding conformity to the group dress code.
13) CHANTING OR SINGING – Eliminating non-cult ideas through group repetition of mind-narrowing chants or phrases.
14) CONFESSION – Encouraging the destruction of individual ego through confession of personal weaknesses and innermost feelings of doubt.
15) FINANCIAL COMMITMENT – Achieving increased dependence on the group by ‘burning bridges’ to the past, through the donation of assets.
16) FINGER POINTING – Creating a false sense of righteousness by pointing to the shortcomings of the outside world.
17) ISOLATION – Inducing loss of reality by physical separation from family, friends, society and rational references.
18) CONTROLLED APPROVAL – Maintaining vulnerability and confusion by alternately rewarding and punishing similar actions.
19) CHANGE OF DIET – Creating disorientation and increased susceptibility to emotional arousal by depriving the nervous system of necessary nutrients through the use of special diets and/or fasting. Also applying drugs for these purposes fall in this category.
20) GAMES – Inducing dependence on the group by introducing games with obscure rules.
21) NO QUESTIONS – Accomplishing automatic acceptance of beliefs by discouraging questions.
22) GUILT – Reinforcing the need for ‘salvation’ by exaggerating the sins of the former lifestyles.
23) FEAR – Maintaining loyalty and obedience to the group by threatening soul, life or limb for the slightest ‘negative’ thought, word or deed.
Three Principles of Re-Education
1) REPETITION – Going through the same subject over and over again until it is known by heart.
2) ACTIVITY PEDAGOGICS – The subjects are never left alone nor give any private time of their own, they are always in activity.
3) CRITICISM AND SELF-CRITICISM – The subjects are supposed to feel uncertain; under the constant threat of being humiliated and despised.
In the Korean War the “criticism and self-criticism” sessions held for the American prisoners of war by the Chinese clearly had deeper effects than the POWs could initially comprehend, and when they found out, it was too late. In the beginning many prisoners found this whole procedure just childish, and were inclined to take it merely as something of a joke, but without them being able to realize it, the situation of being subjected constantly to the criticism of one’s comrades became humiliating.
That a grown-up person should publicly discuss one’s habits or inclinations — some of them of very private nature — confess one’s faults, receive strong criticism for insignificant misdemeanours, will not be indeed in the course of time anything to be considered childish or playful: it simply will be experienced as insulting. This continuing feeling of humiliation became crucial in the gradual psychological break-up of the prisoners’ personalities. Furthermore, this ongoing process of “criticism and self-criticism” was bound to cause mistrust for one’s own comrades: it was the tactics of “divide and conquer” as the ancient Romans would have called it. (“Criticism and self-criticism” were also widely applied during China’s “Cultural Revolution” starting in 1966, as a method of “re-education”.)
Links: (pHinnWeb can’t guarantee the continuing validity of all these)
“Mind Control” is a rather loosely-used term. It conjures up images of enslaving other people’s thoughts, making puppets or bio-robots out of them, like in some cheap sci-fi or horror flick, or perhaps a Nazi experiment. This doesn’t occur outside of stories and rumors.
The nearest thing to it in real life can be found in the practices of certain high-demand religions, such as ultra-orthodoxies and cults. They sometimes use practices such as sleep deprivation, mind-altering drugs, ‘love bombing’ (relentlessly hyper-positive feedback toward the inquirer), the big lie, hypnosis, endless repetition, doublespeak (using words in a way that they don’t mean what they seem, to stop any cohesive thinking), sexual stimulation, the teaching of ‘insider’ secrets, group-think (using the whole group to draw each person into its mindset), enemy creation, and control of both the surroundings and the flow of information. These techniques taken as a group are sometimes called ‘brainwashing’. By themselves, each technique has little effect, but when taken together, they create a strong influence over personal thought-patterns and behaviors. The methods get the inquirer to want what that group or its leader wants them to want.
Alexander Golbin, M.D.Since the dawn of civilization, deprivation of sleep has been known to be one of the strongest factors affecting the health of the body and mind. Sleep deprivation was used for mind control of single individuals, groups of people or even societies for good or bad reasons.
Since the Old Testament (Book II), nocturnal activities were described in full detail to achieve religious ecstasy. Anthropological science, called Agyography, discovered that people imitated behavior of biblical personalities. Jesus Christ did not sleep for 40 days and Christianity is especially known for nocturnal, sleepless rituals. St. Symeon created a pillar so small in diameter that he could only stand on it. He spent all night on his feet praying, describing the ecstasy of talking to God. Religious persons of all cultures are known to not sleep for weeks during prayer to achieve trances, joy and peace.
The history of art and science contain many stories of creativity during sleepless nights. The Mona Lisa was created during a sleepless night of Leonardo Da Vinci. Van Gogh and Michelangelo, Alexander Dumas, Prokofeiv and Mendeleev made their creations during the night, often at manic paces.
Sleepless nights were also used for nefarious purposes. Sleep deprivation is an essential component of many brainwashing groups. From David Koresh to Adolf Hitler, long nocturnal rituals were the main techniques for mind control. It is not accidental that Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin worked mainly at night and had their most important meetings predominantly during the late-night hours. These times were considered optimal for compliance with some very unscrupulous ideas.
Only in recent years have sleep research uncovered the secrets of what actually happens during sleep loss. The temperature of the body and the heart rate increase giving feelings of something boiling inside the body. The senses become sharp and the person sees illusions and hallucinations. The mood is elevated and overly
optimistic. The thinking becomes focused and grandiose. The sense of time and self-changes and this is a time of unusual ideas, revelations and profound emotional turbulence.
The positive or negative effect of those profound changes depends on the attitude toward loss of sleep. If the person is highly motivated to finish a project, work, or meet an important person, sleep loss would lead to an excited mood, increased energy, problem-solving thinking and goal-oriented behavior. If you are not motivated or are indifferent toward upcoming sleepless nights, sleep deprivation will cause fatigue, tachycardia (faster heart rate), irritability, loss of sense of humor, mechanical behavior, and an indifferent attitude.
When a person has a highly negative attitude toward sleepless nights (like during sickness) the body will feel feverish, the mood becomes irritable, angry and depressed. Thoughts become disassociated, behavior becomes aggressive, and the tendency to use calming or stimulating drugs increases.
Here are a few tips to help us buffer negative effects and increase positive results from sleep deprivation:
-If you predict a sleepless night, set your mind on a positive attitude. Think of sleep loss as training for resilience. Make plans on what to do during this time.
-If you already have sleepless nights, don’t feel sorry for yourself. Temporary insomnia usually doesn’t cause serious trouble. The first half of the next day you might have more energy and slow down by evening. Plan accordingly. Don’t let yourself be too irritable.
-If you have chronic medical problems, temporary loss of sleep, especially in the morning, might initiate critical changes for recovery. Set your mind on healing.
-Remember that after the night a new day will come, the sun will rise as well as new opportunities in life. Sleepless nights might be a blessing.
Note: For all cases of sleep loss, consult your doctor.