SOOL SANAAG CAYN = South China Sea: offshore exploration and territorial tension

South China Sea: offshore exploration and territorial tension

25 July 2012 by Chris Lo

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Tensions are rising in the South China Sea as China continues to dispute territorial boundaries with its neighbours. Chris Lo investigates the geopolitical instability surrounding key offshore regions, while tracking the links between territorial claims and the presence of potentially huge oil and gas reserves.

The root of the disagreement lies in a complex web of international maritime law and national territorial claims

For the first time in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) 45-year history, this year’s ASEAN Regional Forum in Cambodia failed to produce a joint communiqué to the world.

Despite a wide range of disputes in the past, this unified statement has always provided a representation of the member countries’ commitment to peace and cooperation, moving towards the potential introduction of a formal economic community in the next few years.

For the first time in nearly half a century, the ASEAN states were unable to reach a consensus on this year’s joint statement. The sticking point is a wide-ranging dispute between a number of south-east Asian nations and close neighbour China on sovereignty over various areas of the South China Sea.

Although the dispute has broad significance concerning the geopolitical stability of the surrounding region, the presence of potentially massive oil and gas reserves in many of the disputed zones means offshore exploration is intimately connected to the wider crisis.
South China Sea dispute: key players
“China and the whole Asia Pacific region seems to be caught in a multipronged Mexican stand-off.”

The root of the disagreement lies in a complex web of international maritime law and national territorial claims. China, the region’s undisputed powerhouse, continues to lay claim to more than three-quarters of the South China Sea, demarcated by its so-called ‘nine-dotted line’, which extends from China’s south coast almost to the northern shore of Malaysia.

China’s aggressive claim has provoked outrage from Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines and other countries, as it infringes upon their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) as set down by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), giving countries the right to exploit marine resources up to 200 nautical miles out from their coastlines. The UNCLOS treaty has been signed and ratified by the European Union and 162 states, including China.

Particular tension has sprung up in three specific areas, over all of which China claims some level of sovereignty. China is disputing sovereignty over the Paracel Islands with Vietnam and Taiwan; the Scarborough Shoal with the Philippines; and parts of the Spratly Islands with Malaysia and the Philippines.

These archipelagos serve little strategic or demographic purpose, but the prospect of exploring potentially oil-rich offshore blocks provides a lucrative economic background to these tensions.
China looms large at ASEAN conference

The South China Sea controversy, and China’s powerful influence over the Asia Pacific region, cast a shadow across ASEAN’s Regional Forum in July.
“Suspicions flew back and forth that the issue was being locked out of discussions by Cambodia, with China pulling the strings.”

China’s position at the summit was to keep the territorial disputes out of the discussions, with many diplomats claiming that it applied severe pressure on host nation Cambodia, which is economically reliant on Chinese investment, to keep the South China Sea off the table.

As a result, the Regional Forum was an uncharacteristically tense affair, as suspicions flew back and forth that the issue was being locked out of discussions by Cambodia, with China pulling the strings.

Carlyle Thayer, Australian Defence Force Academy emeritus professor, told Reuters that these suspicions have opened an unprecedented rift in regional relations. “This is the first major breach of the dyke of regional autonomy,” he said. “China has now reached into ASEAN’s inner sanctum and played on intra-ASEAN divisions.”

It certainly makes sense that China favours, as it has stated, internal discussions with ASEAN countries over a multilateral approach that would lean towards the international UNCLOS treaty, which would generally favour the claims of the smaller south-east Asian countries.

As such, the country has been arguing for separate bilateral talks to leverage its influence on the region rather than expanding the argument to a more globally inclusive scale. As the following South China Sea flare-ups show, however, there seems to be little chance of reconciliation at the moment, as all parties argue their case with increasingly aggressive gestures.
Vietnam, China and the contested Block 128
“The presence of potentially massive oil and gas reserves means offshore exploration is intimately connected to the wider crisis.”

The Paracel Islands fall on the disputed border between Vietnam and China’s EEZs, although China’s nine-dotted line claim extends far beyond them and towards the Vietnamese coastline itself.

The Vietnamese Government has asserted its right to the disputed offshore regions by exploring blocks 127 and 128, in collaboration with Indian national oil and gas corporation ONGC, thus dragging the south Asian country into the politically charged South China Sea contest.

ONGC has since relinquished its rights to Block 127 due to a lack of hydrocarbon discoveries, and was on the brink of doing the same with Block 128 when PetroVietnam offered the company favourable terms (and new exploration data) earlier this month to continue to explore the block.

“They [PetroVietnam] told us to put two more years in the blocks and gave us additional data to improve the prospectivity in the block,” said an anonymous executive of ONGC’s overseas division OVL. “We are studying the data. The decision has been good for us as there is no additional responsibility. The two-year period has started and OVL will continue in the block.”
CNOOC launches competing tender

However, China has been equally assertive in the regions surrounding the Paracels, as its own state-owned oil and gas company China Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) put nine offshore blocks in the region up for global bids.
Related project
PetroVietnam’s Hac Long Field, Vietnam

River basins across the world are rich in oil and gas reserves. The Red River basin in the northern region of Vietnam also has large oil and gas reserves.

The areas offered for bids include Block 128, which OVL is already exploring. This aggressive move has incited widespread protests in Vietnam and puts strong political connotations on the contract tendering process.

CNOOC has stated that the tender is progressing well, with even some US oil companies expressing an interest, although many analysts believe that major corporations are unlikely to commit to the region until the disputes have been resolved and the territorial picture becomes clearer.

“Some of the blocks are known to be in the disputed waters,” IHS energy consultant Huang Xinhua told Reuters. “And since PetroVietnam has told companies not to take part, few would have the appetite for that kind of risk.”

Whether Vietnam’s contract extension with ONGC is based on promising data on Block 128’s oil reserves or simply a holding pattern to reinforce its claim to the area won’t be known until further exploration is conducted. But it’s clear that both countries are refusing to back down, even as the diplomatic standoff becomes more and more tense, with China’s Central Military Commission recently authorising the establishment of a military garrison in Sansha City in the Paracels, which serves as the administrative centre for China’s claims to the South China Sea, including the Spratly Islands and Scarborough Shoal.
The Spratly Islands dispute
Related project
Lishui Natural Gas Field, China

Lishui 36-1 is a natural gas field located 150km away from the city of Wenzhou in the East China Sea.

The Spratly Islands, an area of more than 750 reefs, atolls and islands, lies just north of Malaysia and west of the Philippines, which, along with Brunei, Taiwan, Vietnam and Indonesia, have laid claim to parts of the archipelago. The potential hydrocarbon reserves in the region have been estimated at around 225 billion barrels of oil equivalent, including around 900 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, three times the proven natural gas reserves of all the competing countries combined, China included.

With the potential for reserves on that scale, it’s perhaps unsurprising that China, and its ASEAN rivals, are desperate to develop the Spratly offshore region to reduce energy dependence and invest in a sure-fire economic winner. In legal terms, UN-sanctioned international law would once again favour the nearby ASEAN nations to varying degrees, while China is again relying on historical claims and its nine-dotted line.

The most high-profile dispute currently simmering in the Spratlys is between the Philippines and China. The Filipino Government, which counts the US as a strong military ally (joint military exercises involving the two countries were carried out in the South China Sea in April), has pushed its claim to eight islands in the region, as well as the Scarborough Shoal, which the country considers to be essentially part of the same claim.

In March, the Philippines invited bids for oil exploration contracts in three blocks in the region, drawing China’s scrutiny.
Particular tension has sprung up in three specific areas, over all of which China claims some level of sovereignty

“Without permission from the Chinese Government, oil exploration activities by any country or any company in waters under China’s jurisdiction are illegal,” said Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Weimin.

Filipino Energy Undersecretary James Layug responded: “All reserves in that area belong to the Philippines. We will only offer areas within our exclusive economic zone. These are all beside our existing service contracts so there is no doubt that these areas belong to the Philippines.”

With resources that could ensure energy security and provide a trickle-down economic benefit for decades to come, ASEAN, China and the whole Asia Pacific region seems to be caught in a multipronged Mexican stand-off, with no party willing to stand down and give up their territorial and economic rights.

This could be the most significant test of the ASEAN countries’ resolve and diplomacy since the international organisation was formed in 1967; the negotiations that take place in the months ahead could define the geopolitical and economic outlook for the entire region for years to come.

Tensions are rising as China and other south-east Asian nations vie for sovereignty over potentially oil-rich areas of the South China Sea.
Vietnamese troops march on Spratly Island in 2009.
China’s ‘nine-dotted line’ marks its claim of more than three-quarters of the South China Sea.
ASEAN’s usually cooperative regional forum was this year riven by suspicion and tension.
Naval standoffs have raised concerns that the crisis could shift from diplomatic to military.

Exit polls show Enrique Peña Nieto winning Mexico’s presidency | ANA KOURNIKOVA PRESIDENCY

PRI candidate Enrique Peña Nieto is ahead by as much as 11 percentage points, according to exit surveys conducted by pollsters and Mexican media.By Ken Ellingwood and Tracy Wilkinson, Los Angeles Times

July 1, 2012, 8:14 p.m.

MEXICO CITY — Millions of Mexicans voted Sunday to restore to power the once-authoritarian party they dumped 12 years ago, exit polls showed, while also delivering a harsh rebuke to a government that advanced democratic rule but also saw the country plunge into grisly violence.

Enrique Peña Nieto, the telegenic candidate for the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, was ahead in Sunday’s vote by as much as 11 percentage points, according to exit surveys conducted by pollsters and Mexican media. His campaign director, Luis Videgaray, claimed victory within minutes of polls closing.

“Enrique Peña Nieto is the next president of Mexico,” Videgaray said.

But Peña Nieto’s nearest competitor, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, a former mayor of Mexico City and leader of a coalition of leftist parties, did not concede defeat.

Peña Nieto’s win would return to power the party that ruled virtually unchallenged for seven decades, until defeat in 2000. Lopez Obrador lost the 2006 presidential race to Felipe Calderon by less than 1 percentage point, refused to recognize the results and touched off a wave of protests that paralyzed Mexico City for months. His actions now remain the great unknown of this election.

Josefina Vazquez Mota, candidate for the incumbent National Action Party, or PAN, in office since ousting the PRI in 2000, was by all accounts a distant third. She conceded defeat less than an hour after voting ended.

If the trends hold, Sunday’s vote will prove disastrous for the conservative party that came to office with enormous promise but has left many Mexicans disillusioned with their nation’s democratic transition and a raging drug war.

Calderon is barred by law from running for a second term.

Voting was mostly peaceful Sunday, with numerous complaints of slow-to-open polling stations, long lines and shortages of ballots. The army announced on the eve of the vote that it was redoubling forces in the border city of Nuevo Laredo after suspected drug traffickers detonated a car bomb outside City Hall on Friday.

Tens of thousands of troops are deployed across Mexico to fight powerful drug cartels who supply users in the United States with much of their cocaine, heroin, marijuana and methamphetamine. That fight, launched by Calderon soon after he took office, has claimed more than 50,000 lives in nearly six years.

Mexicans dismayed with the violence, which has also touched off waves of kidnapping and extortion, and dissatisfied with sluggish economic growth seem willing to return to a party that once represented an undemocratic system of coercion and repression, but claims to have reformed.

At the PRI’s headquarters, the victory party was underway moments after the first exit poll results were announced. Scores of employees of Mexico’s state-owned oil company, Pemex, decked out in red T-shirts waved flags with the party logo and chanted, “We are going to win! We are going to win!”

Cesar Santiago, wearing a red hard hat adorned with a PRI sticker, said a Peña Nieto win would bring improvements to the country’s lethargic economy and reduce skyrocketing violence. “It was a failure,” Santiago said of the drug war. “It should have been better planned, with a better strategy.”

Santiago said the PRI had changed since last time it ruled, a reign infamous for corruption and, occasionally, strong-arm tactics to maintain its almost complete dominance over Mexican life. “The PRI-istas who are there now are young. They really want Mexico to improve.”

But a few rows away were signs of the old, coercive PRI. Four young women sat gripping rolled-up PRI flags. They said they were required by bosses at Pemex to attend the PRI party. “If we don’t come, we don’t go back to work,” said one of the women, who declined to give her name to avoid being punished by the company. She said she voted for Lopez Obrador.

“It’s like the ’60s,” she said, referring to coercive PRI tactics of the past. “It hasn’t gone away.”

In Atlacomulco, Peña Nieto’s birthplace outside the capital in the state of Mexico, the mood from early in the day was triumphant. Peña Nieto served as governor of the state, Mexico’s most populous, until last year.

Voters in Atlacomulco, a bastion of PRI sympathy, jostled hoping for a photograph with Peña Nieto, 45. Comments from Mexicans showing up to cast their ballots go a long way in explaining his support.

“The PAN did not know how to govern,” said Ricardo Avila, 45, a cashier at a convenience store, referring to Calderon’s party. “They had their chance and wasted it. Time for the PRI.”

Disappointment with the lack of democratic reforms during the last 12 years of PAN government, plus the violence, has fed opposition to the ruling party. Voters turned in droves to the PRI. The PRI also spent years carefully building up its support at the local level and, in fine Mexican tradition, does not hesitate to pay voters to vote.

“The PRI knows how to deal with the narco,” said Roberto Salcido, owner of a chain of tortilla shops in Atlacomulco. “When they were in power, the country did not suffer because the deal was, ‘You move your drugs but you don’t mess with me.’ It worked. The country was calm.”

“If [making deals with drug traffickers] is what ends the violence and the extortion, then, yes,” Salcido added. “The PRI knows how to make the drug traffickers respect them.”

Peña Nieto, who has pledged to continue fighting drug cartels, arrived to vote accompanied by his new wife, a soap opera star, and children from a previous marriage. A small group of people who said they were university students appeared to protest his probable victory — which they called a “manipulated vote,” in reference to Peña Nieto’s cozy relationship with Mexico’s main television broadcasters.

Four members of the Gonzalez Romo family arrived the minute polls opened, hoping to catch a glimpse of the candidate.

“He seems honest and is very handsome,” Maria Romo said.

Her husband, Armando Gonzalez, bristled at questions about allegations of corruption that dog the PRI.

“Maybe you can accuse him of being a Don Juan, for his conquest of women — we men are like that,” Gonzalez, 61, said. “But not corrupt.”

Neither Peña Nieto nor the other candidates proposed major changes in the drug war and all insisted on continued use of the military and close cooperation with the United States, which has invested millions of dollars in the battle. Peña Nieto said before the vote that if elected he would appoint Colombian super-cop Gen. Oscar Naranjo, a favorite of Washington, as his special advisor in the fight against organized crime.

Peña Nieto has also pledged to open Pemex up to desperately needed foreign investment, something barred by the Mexican Constitution and which his party steadfastly opposed until recently.

Mexicans on Sunday were also electing governors in six states, and the PAN stood to lose there, as well. The PRI dominance extended to the western state of Jalisco, which had been governed by the PAN since 1995; exit polls showed the PAN candidate in third place.

In the sprawling capital, Mexico City, the left retained the mayorship in a landslide. The Democratic Revolution Party’s Miguel Angel Mancera, former attorney general for the city, was elected to replace popular Mayor Marcelo Ebrard, besting his nearest rival by nearly 40 percentage points.

News assistants Cecilia Sanchez and Daniel Hernandez in The Times’ Mexico City bureau contributed to this report.

Death of the Birds and the Bees Across America

By F. William Engdahl

Global Research, July 1, 2012

williamengdahl.com

Birds and bees are something most of us take for granted as part of nature. The expression “teaching about the birds and the bees” to explain the process of human reproduction to young people is not an accidental expression. Bees and birds contribute to the essence of life on our planet. A study by the US Department of Agriculture estimated that “…perhaps one-third of our total diet is dependent, directly or indirectly, upon insect-pollinated plants.”1

The honey bee, Apis mellifera, is the most important pollinator of agricultural crops. Honey bees pollinate over 70 out of 100 crops that in turn provide 90% of the world’s food. They pollinate most fruits and vegetables–including apples, oranges, strawberries, onions and carrots.2 But while managed honey bee populations have increased over the last 50 years, bee colony populations have decreased significantly in many European and North American nations. Simultaneously, crops that are dependent on insects for pollination have increased. The phenomenon has received the curious designation of Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), implying it could be caused by any number of factors. Serious recent scientific studies however point to a major cause: use of new highly toxic systemic pesticides in agriculture since about 2004.

If governments in the EU, USA and other countries fail to impose a total ban on certain chemical insecticides, not only could bees become a thing of the past. The human species could face staggering new challenges merely to survive. The immediate threat comes from the widespread proliferation of commercial insecticides containing the highly-toxic chemical with the improbable name, neonicotinoids. Neonicotinoids are a group of insecticides chemically similar to nicotine. They act on the central nervous system of insects. But also on bees and small song birds. Recent evidence suggests they could also affect human brain development in newborn.

Some five to six years back, reports began to circulate from around the world, especially out of the United States, and then increasingly from around the EU, especially in the UK, that entire bee colonies were disappearing. Since 2004 over a million beehives have died across the United States and beekeepers in 25 states report what is called Colony Collapse Disorder. In winter of 2009 an estimated one fifth of bee hives in the UK were lost, double the natural rate.3 Government authorities claimed it was a mystery.

And in the USA a fact sheet from the Environmenrtal Protection Agency (EPA) on Bayer AG’s Clothianidin, a widely used neonicotinoid, warned:

“Available data indicate that clothianidin on corn and canola should result in minimal acute toxic risk to birds. However, assessments show that exposure to treated seeds through ingestion may result in chronic toxic risk to non-endangered and endangered small birds (e.g., songbirds) and acute/chronic toxicity risk to non-endangered and endangered mammals.”4

Alarming UK results

A private UK research organization, Buglife and the Soil Association, undertook tests to try to determine cause of the bee death. They found that the decline was caused in part by a group of pesticides called neonicotinoids.5 Neonicotinoids are “systemic” chemicals that kill insects by getting into the cell of the plant. In Britain it’s widely used for crops like oilseed rape and for production of potted plants.

The neonicotinoids are found in the UK in products including Chinook, used on oilseed rape and Bayer UK 720, used in the production of potted plants which then ends up in gardens and homes around the country. The new study examined in detail the most comprehensive array of peer-reviewed research into possible long-term effects of neonicotinoid use. Their conclusion was that neonicotinoid pesticides damage the health and life cycle of bees over the long term by affecting the nervous system. The report noted, “Neonicotinoids may be a significant factor contributing to current bee declines and could also contribute to declines in other non-target invertebrate species.”6 The organization called for a total ban on pesticides containing any neonicotinoids.

The president of the UK Soil Association, Peter Melchett, told the press that pesticides were causing a continued decline in pollinating insects, risking a multimillion pound farming industry. “The UK is notorious for taking the most relaxed approach to pesticide safety in the EU; Buglife’s report shows that this puts at risk pollination services vital for UK agriculture,” he said. 7

Indeed in March 2012 Sir Robert Watson, Chief Scientist at the British Government’s Department of Environment announced that his government was reconsidering its allowance of neonicotinoid use in the UK. Watson told a British newspaper, “We will absolutely look at the University of Stirling work, the French work, and the American work that came out a couple of months ago. We must look at this in real detail to see whether or not the current British position is correct or is incorrect. I want this all reassessed, very, very carefully.”8 To date no policy change has ensued however. Given the seriousness of the scientific studies and of the claims of danger, a prudent policy would have been to provisionally suspend further uise of neonicotinoids pending further research. No such luck.

EPA Corruption

In the United States the government agency responsible for approving or banning chemicals deemed dangerous to the environment is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). In 2003, over the clear warnings of its own scientists, the EPA licensed a neonicotinoid called Clothianidin, patented by the German Bayer AG together with a Japanese company, Takeda. It is sold under the brand name Poncho. It was immediately used on over 88 million acres of US corn in the 2004 crop and since that time, the shocking death of more than one million beehives across the corn prairies of the Midwest has been reported. 9

The political appointees at EPA at the time allowed Bayer to receive a license for Poncho despite the official judgment of EPA scientists that Clothianidin was “highly toxic to bees by contact and oral exposure” and that is was “highly mobile in soil and groundwater – very likely to migrate into streams, ponds and other fields, where it would be absorbed by wildflowers” – and go on to kill more bees and non-target insects like butterflies and bumblebees. The warning, from a leaked EPA memo dated September 28, 2005 summarizes the Environmental Fate and Effects Division’s Environmental Risk Assessment for Clothianidin, which it said “will remain toxic to bees for days after a spray application. In honey bees, the effects of this toxic exposure may include lethal and/or sub-lethal effects in the larvae and reproductive effects to the queen.”10

The EPA scientists judged it to be many times more toxic than Bayer’s other nicotinoid, Imidacloprid, sold under the brand name Gaucho, which itself is “7,000 times more toxic to bees than DDT.”11 DDT was banned in the USA in 1972 after numerous studies proved its toxic effects on both animals and humans.

Then in January of this year another US Government agency, the US Department of Agriculture, published a significant new report from scientists under the direction of Jeffrey Pettis of the USDA Bee Research Laboratory. The study, published in the German scientific journal, Naturwissenschaften, was explosive.

The Pettis study concluded after careful control experiments with bees exposed and not exposed to neonicotinoids clearly demonstrated that there was “an interaction between sub-lethal exposure to imidacloprid (Bayer’s Gaucho—w.e.) at the colony level and the spore production in individual bees of honey bee gut parasite Nosema.” Moreover, the study went on, “Our results suggest that the current methods used to evaluate the potential negative effect of pesticides are inadequate. This is not the first study to note a complex and unexpected interaction between low pesticide exposure and pathogen loads…We suggest new pesticide testing standards be devised that incorporate increased pathogen susceptibility into the test protocols. Lastly, we believe that subtle interactions between pesticides and pathogens, such as demonstrated here, could be a major contributor to increased mortality of honey bee colonies worldwide.”12

Renowned Dutch toxicologist, Dr. Henk Tennekes reported that, unlike claims from Bayer and other neonicotinoid manufacturers, bees living near maize fields sprayed with the toxic pesticides are exposed to the neonicotinoids throughout the entire growing season, and the toxin is cumulative. Tennekes noted, “Bees are exposed to these compounds and several other agricultural pesticides in several ways throughout the foraging period. During spring, extremely high levels of clothianidin and thiamethoxam were found in planter exhaust material produced during the planting of treated maize seed. We also found neonicotinoids in the soil of each field we sampled, including unplanted fields.” 13

Effect on Human Brain?

But most alarming of all is the evidence that exposure to neonicotinides hahs horrific possible effects on humans as well as on birds and bees.

Professor Henk Tennekes describes the effects:

“Today the major illnesses confronting children in the United States include a number of psychosocial and behavioral conditions. Neurodevelopmental disorders, including learning disabilities, dyslexia, mental retardation, attention deficit disorder, and autism – occurrence is more prevalent than previously thought, affecting 5 percent to 10 percent of the 4 million children born in the United States annually. Beyond childhood, incidence rates of chronic neurodegenerative diseases of adult life such as Parkinson’s disease and dementia have increased markedly. These trends raise the possibility that exposures in early life act as triggers of later illness, perhaps by reducing the numbers of cells in essential regions of the brain to below the level needed to maintain function in the face of advancing age. Prenatal and childhood exposures to pesticides have emerged as a significant risk factor explaining impacts on brain structure and health that can increase the risk of neurological disease later in life.”14

There is also growing evidence suggesting persistent exposure to plants sprayed with neonicotinoids could be responsible for damage to the human brain, including the recent sharp rise in incidents of autism in children.

Tennekes, referring to recent studies of the effects of various exposures of neonicotinoids to rats, noted,

“Accumulating evidence suggests that chronic exposure to nicotine causes many adverse effects on the normal development of a child. Perinatal exposure to nicotine is a known risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome, low-birth-weight infants, and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Therefore, the neonicotinoids may adversely affect human health, especially the developing brain.”15

Referring to studies recently published in the magazine, Science, Brian Moench noted:

The brain of insects is the intended target of these insecticides. They disrupt the bees homing behavior and their ability to return to the hive, kind of like “bee autism.” But insects are different than humans, right? Human and insect nerve cells share the same basic biologic infrastructure. Chemicals that interrupt electrical impulses in insect nerves will do the same to humans. But humans are much bigger than insects and the doses to humans are miniscule, right?

During critical first trimester development a human is no bigger than an insect so there is every reason to believe that pesticides could wreak havoc with the developing brain of a human embryo. But human embryos aren’t out in corn fields being sprayed with insecticides, are they? A recent study showed that every human tested had the world’s best-selling pesticide, Roundup, detectable in their urine at concentrations between five and twenty times the level considered safe for drinking water.16

The most alarming part of the neonicotinoid story is that governments and the EU to date are content to take little or no precautionary steps to stop even suspected contamination from neonicotinoids pending through long-term tests that would determine finally if they are as dangerous as considerable and growing scientific evidence says.

Bayer AG and neonicotinoids

In early 2011 the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) published a report on bee mortalities around the world. Bayer neonicotinoids, Poncho and Gaucho, are listed there as a threat to numerous animals.

According to the UN report, “Systemic insecticides such as those used as seed coatings, which migrate from the roots through the entire plant, all the way to the flowers, can potentially cause toxic chronic exposure to non-target pollinators. Various studies revealed the high toxicity of chemicals such as Imidacloprid, Clothianidin, Thiamethoxam and associated ingredients for animals such as cats, fish, rats, rabbits, birds and earthworms. Laboratory studies have shown that such chemicals can cause losses of sense of direction, impair memory and brain metabolism, and cause mortality.” 17

Yet Bayer AG shows no signs of voluntarily stopping production and distribution of its toxic neonicotinoids.

The German pharmaceutical giant counts among its historic achievements one it prefers today to forget– the first synthesis of something it marketed as cough medicine in 1898 under the trade name, Heroin, taken from the “heroic” feeling it gave to Bayer workers on whom it was tested. 18 According to the German citizen watchdog group, Coalition against BAYER Dangers, Gaucho and Poncho have been among BAYER’s top-selling pesticides: “In 2010, Gaucho sales were valued at US$ 820 million while Poncho sales were valued at US$ 260 million. Gaucho ranked first among BAYER’s best-selling pesticide, while Poncho ranked seventh. It is striking that in the 2011 Annual Report no sales figures for Gaucho and Poncho are shown.”19

Ban in many EU Countries

Unlike the United States, several EU countries have banned use of neonicotinoids, refusing to accept test and safety reports from the chemical manufacturers as adequate. One case in point was in Germany where the Julius Kühn-Institut – Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen (JKI) in Quedlinburg a state-run crop research institute, collected samples of dead honeybees and determined that clothianidin caused the deaths.

Bayer CropScience blamed defective seed corn batches. The company gave an unconvincing counter claim that the coating came off as the seeds were sown, which allowed unusually high amounts of toxic dust to spread to adjacent areas where bees collected pollen and nectar. The attorney for a coalition of groups filing the suit, Harro Schultze stated, “We’re suspecting that Bayer submitted flawed studies to play down the risks of pesticide residues in treated plants. Bayer’s … management has to be called to account, since the risks … have now been known for more than 10 years.”20

Significantly, in Bayer’s home country, Germany, the German government has banned Bayer’s neonicotinoids since 2009. France and Italy have imposed similar bans. In Italy, the government found that with the ban, bee populations returned in number, leading to an upholding of the ban despite strong chemical industry pressure.21

Despite the alarming evidence of links between neonicotinoids and bee colony collapse disorder, as well as possible impacts on human foetal cells and brains, the reaction so far in the European Union Commission has been scandalously slow. Brussels has been so weak in responding that the Office of EU Ombudsman has initiated an investigation into why. European Union Ombudsman Nikiforos Diamandou said he had opened an investigation after a complaint from the Austrian Ombudsman Board, who said the European Commission had failed to take account of the new evidence on the role of neonicotinoids in bee mortality. “In its view, the Commission should take new scientific evidence into account and take appropriate measures, such as reviewing the authorisation of relevant substances,” said a statement from the EU Ombudsman’s office.

The ombudsman has asked the Commission to submit an opinion in the investigation by June 30, after which it will issue a report. Recommendations by the ombudsman are non-binding. The Commission in response has said it has asked the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) to carry out a full review of all neonicotinoid insecticides by April 30 and that it would take appropriate measures based on the findings.22

Giving EFSA final say on food safety for Europe’s consumers and insects is tantamount to asking the foxes to guard the hen house today. EFSA is heavily influenced by members with conflicts of interest and dubious ties to the same agribusiness interests represented by Bayer AG and other agriculture chemical multinationals.23

Bayer is one of six global companies tied to development of patented GMO seeds and related chemicals, controlling inputs into the entire food chain. As a tightly inter-linked group, Monsanto, Dow, BASF, Bayer, Syngenta and DuPont control the global seed, pesticide and agricultural biotechnology markets. This concentration of power over world agriculture is unprecedented. As one observer noted, it enables them to “control the agricultural research agenda; dictate trade agreements and agricultural policies; position their technologies as the ‘science-based’ solution to increase crop yields, feed the hungry and save the planet; escape democratic and regulatory controls; subvert competitive markets.” 24

Dutch toxicologist Tennekes and Alex Lu, associate professor of environmental exposure biology at Harvard’s Department of Environmental Health are among a growing number of scientists around the world calling for an immediate and global ban on the use of the new neonicotinoid pesticides.25 Professor Lu calls for a very simple test: “I would suggest removing all neonicotinoids from use globally for a period of five to six years. If the bee population is going back up during the after the ban, I think we will have the answer.” That should be more than food for thought in Washington, Brussels and elsewhere.

Notes:

1 S.E. McGregor, Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants, 1976, USDA Agriculture. Handbook 496, p. 1

2 Coalition against BAYER Dangers (Germany), Countermotion to shareholder meeting: BAYER Pesticides causing bee decline, Press Release, April 11, 2012.

3Louise Gray, Beekeepers lose one fifth of hives, 24 August, 2009, The Telegraph, accessed in http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/6069218/Beekeepers-lose-one-fifth-of-hives.html

4 Anon., Clothianidin a Neonicotinoid Pesticide Highly Toxic to Honeybees and other pollinators, March 20, 2007, accessed in http://www.theenvironmentalblog.org/2007/03/clothianidin-a-neonicotinoid-pesticide-highly-toxic-to-honeybees-and-other-pollinators/.

5 Ibid.

6 Ibid.

7 Ibid.

8 Michael McCarthy, Government to reconsider nerve agent pesticides, The Independent, 31 March 2012, accessed in http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/government-to-reconsider-nerve-agent-pesticides-7604121.html

9 Henk Tennekes, They’ve turned the Environment into the Experiment and WE are all the experimental Subjects, January 19, 2011, accessed in http://www.boerenlandvogels.nl/en/content/they%E2%80%99ve-turned-environment-experiment-%E2%80%93-and-we-are-all-experimental-subjects.

10 Ibid.

11 Ibid.

12 Jeffrey S. Pettis, et al, Pesticide exposure in honey bees results in increased levels of the gut pathogen Nosema, Naturwissenschaften-The Science of Nature, 13 January, 2012, accessed in http://www.springerlink.com/content/p1027164r403288u/fulltext.html

13 Henk Tennekes, Honey Bees Living Near Maize Fields Are Exposed To Neonicotinoids Throughout The Growing Season, January 5, 2012, accessed in http://www.farmlandbirds.net/en/taxonomy/term/3.

14 Henk Tennekes, Prenatal exposures to pesticides may increase the risk of neurological disease later in life, March 20, 2012, accessed in http://www.farmlandbirds.net/en/content/prenatal-exposures-pesticides-may-increase-risk-neurological-disease-later-life

15 Henk Tennekes, The neonicotinoids may adversely affect human health, especially the developing brain, March 20, 2012, accessed in http://www.farmlandbirds.net/en/taxonomy/term/3.

16 Brian Moench, Autism and Disappearing Bees A Common Denominator?, April 2, 2012, Common Dreams, accessed in http://www.commondreams.org/view/2012/04/02.

17 Coalition against BAYER Dangers (Germany), op cit.

18 Richard Askwith, How aspirin turned hero: A hundred years ago Heinrich Dreser made a fortune from the discovery of heroin and aspirin, Sunday Times, 13 September 1998, accessed in http://opioids.com/heroin/heroinhistory.html.

19 Coalition against BAYER Dangers (Germany), op cit.

20 ENS, German Coalition Sues Bayer Over Pesticide Honey Bee Deaths, August 25, 2008, accessed in http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/aug2008/2008-08-25-01.asp

21 Roberta Cruger, Nicotine Bees Population Restored With Neonicotinoids Ban, May 15, 2010, accessed in

http://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology/nicotine-bees-population-restored-with-neonicotinoids-ban.html.

22 Henk Tennekes, EU response to bee death pesticide link questioned, April 24, 2012, accessed in http://www.farmlandbirds.net/en/taxonomy/term/3.

23 Olivier Hoedeman, Corporate Europe Observatory, Open letter regarding conflicts of interest EFSA’s

Management board , Brussels, March 4, 2011, accessed in http://www.corporateeurope.org/sites/default/files/sites/default/files/files/openletter/EFSA%20management%20board%20conflicts%20of%20interest.pdf

24 Andrew Olsen, Chemical Cartel, Chemical Cartel, June 28, 2010; see also, F. William Engdahl, Saat der Zerstörung: Der Dunkele Seite von Genmanipulation.

25 Henk Tennekes, Imidacloprid and Colony Collapse Disorder – Scientists Call for Global Ban on Bee-Killing Pesticides, April 5, 2012, accessed in http://www.farmlandbirds.net/en/taxonomy/term/3.

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Pentagon establishes Defense Clandestine Service, new espionage unit for Africa

By Greg Miller, Published: April 23

The Pentagon is planning to ramp up its spying operations against high-priority targets such as Iran under an intelligence reorganization aimed at expanding on the military’s espionage efforts beyond war zones, a senior defense official said Monday.

The newly created Defense Clandestine Service would work closely with the CIA — pairing two organizations that have often seen each other as rivals — in an effort to bolster espionage operations overseas at a time when the missions of the agency and the military increasingly converge.

The plan, the official said, was developed in response to a classified study completed last year by the director of national intelligence that concluded that the military’s espionage efforts needed to be more focused on major targets beyond the tactical considerations of Iraq and Afghanistan.

The new service will seek to “make sure officers are in the right locations to pursue those requirements,” said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe the “realignment” of the military’s classified human espionage efforts.

The official declined to provide details on where such shifts might occur, but the nation’s most pressing intelligence priorities in recent years have included counterterrorism, nonproliferation and ascendant powers such as China.

Creation of the new service also coincides with the appointment of a number of senior officials at the Pentagon who have extensive backgrounds in intelligence and firm opinions on where the military’s spying programs — often seen as lackluster by CIA insiders — have gone wrong.

Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta, who signed off on the newly created service last week, served as CIA director at a time when the agency relied extensively on military hardware, including armed drones, in its fight against al-Qaeda.

Michael Vickers, the undersecretary of defense for intelligence and the main force behind the changes, is best known as one of the architects of the CIA’s program to arm Islamist militants to oust the Soviets from Afghanistan in the 1980s. He is also a former member of U.S. Special Operations forces.

The realignment is expected to affect several hundred military operatives who already work in spying assignments abroad, mostly as case officers for the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), which serves as the Pentagon’s main source of human intelligence and analysis.

The official said the new service is expected to grow “from several hundred to several more hundred” operatives in the coming years. Despite the potentially provocative name for the new service, the official played down concerns that the Pentagon was seeking to usurp the role of the CIA or its National Clandestine Service.

This “does not involve new manpower . . . does not involve new authorities,” the official said. Instead, the official said, the DIA is shifting its emphasis “as we look to come out of war zones and anticipate the requirements over the next several years.”

Congressional officials said they were seeking more details about the plan.

“My question is, why? What’s missing and what’s going on?” said a senior Senate aide who had been given a preliminary briefing on the new service.

In some respects, the broad outlines of the plan are reminiscent of Pentagon efforts under Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld to move the military into areas of intelligence that had long been the domain of the CIA.

But a second congressional official, who also was not authorized to discuss the program publicly, said the coordination behind the new plan, in which the DIA’s program will be more closely modeled on its CIA counterpart, has eased some of those long-standing concerns.

“If this were an attempt of the type we saw during the Rumsfeld years to consolidate human intelligence to have a better bulwark against what the CIA is doing, that would be a concern,” the second congressional official said. “But I don’t think that’s what’s going on.”

The plan was unveiled about a week after a senior U.S. Army officer with extensive experience in Special Operations and counterinsurgency fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan was nominated to serve as the next chief of the DIA.

While serving in Afghanistan, Lt. Gen. Michael T. Flynn published a harsh critique of intelligence operations in that country, criticizing collectors as being too focused on tactical threats and failing to understand the broader demographic and political context of the battlefield.

About 15 percent of the DIA’s case officers will be part of the Defense Clandestine Service, the defense official said. New, more clearly delineated career paths will give DIA case officers better opportunities to continue their espionage assignments abroad, he said.

The new service fits into a broader convergence trend. U.S. Special Operations forces are increasingly engaged in intelligence collection overseas and have collaborated with the CIA on missions including the raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan and ongoing drone strikes in Yemen.

The blurring is also evident in the organizations’ upper ranks. Panetta previously served as CIA director, and that post is currently held by retired four-star Army Gen. David H. Petraeus.

Space Mirror in Russia ( Father of HAARP in USA)

Space Mirror

by N.Shpakovsky,
TRIZ-Consultant, Ph.D.
nick_sh2000@mail.ru

Abstract. The article analyzes the failure of the Russian project �Znamya 2�, which is better known as �Space Mirror�. When unfolding, the space mirror membrane caught on the antenna that projected over the space station body.

Using TRIZ, the causes of the failure were analyzed and a number of solutions for improving the reliability of the flexible membrane unfolding under weightlessness were proposed.

Introduction. The space mirror that reflects the Sun�s rays onto the nightside of our planet is one of the impressive space projects. In 1993, the spaceship �Progress M-15� placed into orbit a 20-meter film mirror (the project �Znamya 2�). The mirror unfurled and produced a light spot that was equal in strength approximately to one full moon. A huge plash of sunlight glanced over beclouded Europe to be seen only by astronomers on the top of the Alps.

The project �Znamya 2.5� stood head and shoulders above its predecessor. The mirror was expected to be perceived on the Earth as 5 to 10 full moons and it formed a trace of about 7 km in diameter which could be controlled by fixing it on one spot for a long time. The space mirror was a slightly concave membrane of 25 m in diameter made of thin film with a mirror surface, which was attached around the periphery of the station. The membrane was expected to unfold and be held unfolded by centrifugal forces (Fig.1).


Fig.1

However, the project was a failure. Soon after the deployment started, the membrane caught on the antenna (Fig. 2). The spaceship �Progress M-40 was de-orbited and buried in the ocean.

Fig. 2

It would be interesting to consider this situation in terms of TRIZ. Why exactly hasn�t the membrane unfolded? Has everything been done for it to unfold? What can be done to make such membranes unfold under various conditions? There is a great many of similar constructions and it is not always possible to provide such unfolding conditions as for the solar mirror.

Was this failure natural? In principle, from the point of view of traditional design everything is OK. The membrane�s prototype is a parachute canopy. There is no oncoming air stream in space, so inertia forces that occur as a result of the space station rotation are used to unfold the membrane. The first membrane – that of �Znamya 2� – unfolded successfully. Besides, there is a good analogue – designs of spaceships with a solar sail in which the sail is unfolded and held by a centrifugal force occurring during the spaceship rotation. It also seems correct in the context of TRIZ. The basic requirement of ideality is satisfied – the membrane itself without any additional devices moves off the station, unfolds and is held unfolded.

This, however, has not worked. The station started rotating, the membrane began moving off it and caught on the antenna. We can certainly blame the antenna. Parachute-jumpers thoroughly remove all buckles, hooks and heelplates – everything on which the parachute may caught while deploying – from their clothing and especially from the helmets and footwear. But the space station is an expensive and serious thing and is designed to solve many different problems during one flight. It is difficult to remove all devices from the station�s surface, as they are needed for solving other problems. Under such conditions, one accidental jerk of the engine can cause inertia to throw the unfolding membrane back onto the antenna.

Rational membrane-unfolding technology. Let us try to solve this problem with the aid of TRIZ and find a method for unfolding the membrane without removing the antennas and other objects projecting over the station�s surface. Unfortunately, we�ll only have to be guided by the published information, so we�ll have to think ourselves of such important �trifles� as the design of membrane-holding devices, locks, etc. Or, for instance, what are the radial slits in the membrane for?

Thus, we have a packed membrane attached around the periphery of the station. It is held, for instance, by several flexible bands with locks (Fig. 3, a).

Fig. 3

Let us recall one of the basic TRIZ laws – the law of coordination of ES parts� interaction – and try to build a �desirable technology� of membrane deployment. The deployment process falls into two distinct stages. At the first stage, the station starts rotating, locks are released and the membrane moves off the station�s surface (Fig. 3,d). The second stage includes the unfolding of the membrane, its final stretching and holding in the unfolded state. (Fig.3,c).

The first stage is apparently most complex. Since the entire mass of the packed membrane is situated near the axis of rotation, centrifugal forces are comparatively small at that moment, while the work to be done by them is considerable. At the same time, certain requirements are also imposed on the sequence of membrane deployment. It would be better for the membrane not to unfold at once throughout the entire volume, but from the center toward the edges, quickly receding from the station to the area that is free from projecting antennas, in the form of a compact torus-like packing and not as an inordinate heap.

Further stretching of the unfolded membrane is not connected with any troubles because at that time the membrane is already far from the �human factor�. Here we can do with centrifugal forces.

Thus, we can formulate an important requirement for the deployment process: �the unfolded internal part of the membrane must be permanently stretched�.

How can we accomplish sequential unfolding of the membrane? The chances are that it is �concertinaed� before the flight and then it is unfolded throughout the entire volume after releasing the locks.

Proposal 1. Leave free some of the folds adjoining the station and fasten the rest of the folds together with destroyable filaments or bands. Then peripheral tensile stress will first spread the folds near the station surface and the part of the membrane adjoining the station will be stretched. And only then the ties of the peripheral part of the membrane will break and the final deployment will start (Fig.4).

Fig. 4.

How can we accelerate the membrane deployment at the first stage?

It is obvious that we can either increase the station spinning frequency or increase the membrane mass. But carrying an extra load is not an ideal solution. Suppose we first spin up the station and then release the locks� And suppose we place a ring charge BB under the packed membrane, then release the membrane from the locks and explode the charge! Or place small jet engines around the external periphery of the membrane�

Something will definitely fly to pieces, because the membrane is only 7 mm thick.

What are the requirements for the membrane mass in this case?

  • On the one hand, the membrane must be heavy to be able to unfold fast and to move off the station.

  • At the same time, the membrane must be lightweight to prevent the occurrence of excessive loads produced by centrifugal forces.

We can resolve this contradiction in the following way. Let the membrane be heavy at the first stage of deployment and lightweight during the rest of the time. Or rather, the unfolding force must be great at the first stage. Then it may be much smaller, but great enough to unfold and stretch the membrane.

What resources are available?

Substances: membrane, space station, vacuum, air that remained inside the membrane after packing (if it is not evacuated while packing).

Fields: electric, magnetic, Sun�s light field, heat field, space wind. The characteristics of most fields may vary within very wide ranges by turning the station relative to the Sun.

Time: unlimited before the conflict, including the time of space station preparation on the Earth.

Let us draw an abstract model of the problem (Fig. 5).

Fig. 5

B2 is a station. It is a tool. B1 is a packed membrane. It is an object. B2 acts on B1 by the mechanical field (Fineria), produced by the inertia forces. This action is insufficient.

What do the standards recommend (1)?

Introduce one more substance and a field to control this substance.

For instance, add ferromagnetic particles while manufacturing the membrane. Then, while unfolding, the membrane may be acted upon by an annular electromagnet placed around the station body�s periphery. However, it is necessary to additionally introduce an electromagnet, which reduces the system�s ideality.

Add one more substance to one of the interacting substances.

B1 is a station. A space station is a large vessel with air. Consequently, the second substance is already available. It only remains to use it.

Proposal 2. We can provide rapid withdrawal of the membrane from the station to the distance of the non-fastened folds by using the energy of compressed air supplied under the packed membrane. In this case, as distinct from the explosion of a ring charge, the action value can be easily controlled (Fig. 6).

Fig. 6

Transfer to a capillary-porous substance.

Make the membrane capillary-porous.

Proposal 3. For instance, paste thin pipes in the mirror membrane cloth and supply compressed air into them while unfolding. The membrane will change into a plane practically instantly and with a great force.

Eliminating possible catching. As for possible hooking of the membrane during the deployment, the following contradiction occurs.

  • The membrane must not catch on a hook.

  • Under the deployment conditions, the membrane can contact a hook.

Of course, it would be ideal to remove the conditions that cause the membrane catching. But if we cannot eliminate such a probability, it is necessary to make so that the caught membrane can be easily released. How can we resolve this contradiction?

Firstly, we can do this in time.

At the first stage of deployment, when the catching is most probable, the unfolding force should be large enough to secure tearing a piece out of the membrane cloth. The peace should be big enough only for normal unfurling and stretching of the unfurled membrane.

This is achieved by introducing additional forces at the first stage of deployment (Proposals 2 and 3) to help the peripheral centrifugal force.

Secondly, we can do this in space.

For this purpose we use a resource: the membrane material.

We can formulate the following requirement for this material. Let the membrane have rigid surface in close proximity to the station and let the surface become flexible and elastic as the membrane moves off the station.

Proposal 4. The peripheral part of the membrane moves off the station in the form of compact torus-like packing. The packed membrane may be placed inside a rigid thin-walled body with an open bottom (Fig. 7). Because during the deployment the circumference of the packed membrane constantly increases, the body must be corrugated and must extend like accordion. Or it must be composed of several sections that move relative to one another. The use of such a body provides a good protection of the packed membrane against hooking and allows for preserving its compact form without bonding or binding.

Fig. 7.

The membrane is likely to have equal strength in all directions. This is quite correct for that of its parts, which is situated comparatively far from the station. At the same time, the requirements for the central part of the membrane are contradictory:

  • On the one hand, the membrane must not be durable so that it can tear and unhook.

  • At the same time, the membrane must be durable so that is does not fail while unfolding and in a working position.

To satisfy these contradictory requirements, we can structure the material of the central part of the membrane.

Radial filaments must be comparatively durable to provide reliable attachment of the membrane to the station body. Tangential filaments that are perpendicular to those radial must not be durable so that they easily break in case of hooking. For peripheral forces not to break the membrane at the interface of its central and peripheral parts, a ring band can be used here for reinforcement.

In principle, since the area of the membrane�s central part is comparatively small, tangential filaments may be removed at all.

Proposal 5. Make the membrane in the form of a wide ring attached to the station body with bands or cables. In packing, such bands are easy to �concertina� like shroud lines. Each folded band can be put into a covering attached to the membrane. This will ensure well-ordered unfolding of the central part of the membrane and will eliminate hooking (Fig. 8).

Fig. 8.

Final solution concept. To build a final solution concept, let us take proposal 3 as a basis that provides energetic withdrawal of the membrane from the station as envisaged in our �desirable technology of membrane deployment�. This proposal is well supplemented by proposal 1 that ensures the membrane moving off the station in a compact packed state and by proposal 5 that excludes the catching of the middle part of the membrane on the projecting parts of the station�s surface. In this case proposal 3 and proposal 5 are just combined. As for proposal 1, we only use the function �to hold the membrane packed� which is performed with the aid of resources available in the system (pipes with compressed air).

To provide fast and energetic unfolding of the middle part of the membrane, it is necessary to use, instead of a one-piece film, thin radially positioned pipes that connect the packed peripheral part of the membrane with the station. By supplying compressed air into the pipes we�ll practically instantly obtain a rigid frame that will ensure energetic unfolding of the membrane at the first stage.

To hold the membrane in a compact packed state until the full unfolding of its middle part, it is proposed to make each of the membrane-holding clamps in the form of two pipes that encompass the membrane on its sides. The pipes� end faces should be closed and connected with the rest of the frame. The pipes� ends should be connected with each other with a break-off band or filament. After the full unfolding of the frame of the membrane�s middle part, compressed air starts going into the clamps� pipes. The pipes straighten with a great force, break the bands and release the membrane (Fig. 9).

Proposal 2 is partially realized by using compressed air.

Fig. 9

Intensified solution. If it is still impossible to avoid the contact of the membrane, which moves off the station, with hooks, it is expedient to additionally use proposal 4.

The packed membrane is placed in a rigid multi-section thin-walled body, which is discarded after complete deployment of the membrane.

Conclusion. No doubt that using only open sources of information we missed out many circumstances. But I hope that this attempt to analyze the problem will be to a certain extent useful to space mirror designers, and not only to them. We are sure that all the errors will be corrected and after the next attempt we�ll see a hand-made sun in the night sky.

Reference

  1. Altshuller, Genrikh. �The Innovative Algorithm. TRIZ, Systematic Innovation and Technical Creativity.� Technical Innovation Center, INC. Worcester, MA. 1999.

The pictures by Elena Novitskaja.

 

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� Copyright 1997-2005 CTQ Media LLC
http://www.triz-journal.com
All Rights Reserved.

 

Mercury News: Man with defibrillator wants to know what his heart is saying

By Lisa M. Krieger

lkrieger@mercurynews.com

Posted: 01/29/2012 03:28:34 PM PST
Updated: 01/30/2012 03:07:20 AM PST

Hugo Campos has a small computer buried in his chest to help keep him alive. But he has no idea what it says about his faulty heart.

All the raw data it collects, especially any erratic rhythms it controls with shocks, goes directly to the manufacturer. And some of it later gets sent to his doctor.

But Campos had to step onto a national stage in his fight to see the data his body produces.

His David-and-Goliath campaign puts him on the leading edge of what’s called the “e-patient movement” — “engaged, equipped and enabled” — that seeks to harness data so patients can learn more about their bodies.

“It’s mine. I paid for it. It’s in my body,” asserts the tech-savvy 45-year-old, who since his sudden collapse at the Fruitvale BART station four years ago has devoted himself to studying cardiology textbooks, attending device symposiums and scheming how to access the electronics of his tiny defibrillator.

“I have a right to my own damn data,” he said.

The information could help him take control of his health, said the Brazilian-born graphic artist.

Already he discovered — using an online spreadsheet accessible from his iPhone — that caffeine and Scotch trigger irregular heartbeats.

But it would be far better to have raw, real-time data, he said.

Federal law entitles patients to easy access to their health records, including X-rays and pathology reports.

But implanted defibrillator data is
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different. The information stays with manufacturers, who use it to monitor and improve their products. And it comes in a format that is not easily understood. Patients can get only interpreted data, not the raw data.

“It’s just wrong,” Campos asserts. “We get all our financial data — why is it different with health care? Patients should be empowered to take care of their lives.”

Deluge of interest

Each year, hundreds of thousands of Americans are implanted with small battery-powered electrical impulse generators, such as pacemakers, loop recorders and cardiac defibrillators.

The devices are critical for people like Campos, whose irregular heartbeat threatens sudden cardiac arrest. They also wirelessly transmit data to bedside monitors, and then over a telephone line to the manufacturers.

Much of the collected data — such as average heart rate, fluid accumulation, atrial arrhythmias — is diagnostic.

But these devices also collect huge amounts of proprietary information, such as wiring breakdowns, battery voltage and the time it takes to release a shock.

Calls and emails deluged him after an online video of last November’s TEDxCambridge speech went viral. He has also testified before the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and been featured on National Public Radio.

He’s started a blog, founded an online “Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD) User Group” and embraced a new world of patient advocacy through social media. He’s even written a protest song inspired by Malvina Reynolds’ “It Isn’t Nice.” (“It isn’t nice to grab my data, from my implantable device. Then to hog it, keep it from me. That’s not right, I’ve told you twice. It isn’t nice.”)

To prepare himself to understand the device and its data, he earned a certificate from the Arrhythmia Technologies Institute. “Patients need to educate themselves,” he said. “It really is the only way to get a proper seat at the table.”

In an effort to better understand their construction, he’s bought 19 different used devices on eBay, storing them in velvet sacs in a gold-decorated box.

“He is a pioneer. He’s an articulate visionary who sees what is possible and expresses it as common sense,” said Dave deBronkart of Nashua, N.H.

DeBronkart is a kidney cancer survivor who launched a right-to-information campaign after discovering that his hospital had exported a Google personal health record riddled with inaccuracies and omissions.

Campos’ campaign has a professional supporter.

“It is embarrassing to leave our patients in the dark, by design or technological necessity,” wrote Dr. David Lee Scher in his blog. The former cardiac electrophysiologist founded DLS Healthcare Consulting, which advises digital health companies.

He cautions that the data is very technical, even for physicians, and often irrelevant. He urges patients and physicians to work together on a solution.

The concept of “open access” is gaining tradition in the medical device world. The Palo Alto startup Glooko, for instance, sells diabetics a $40 cable that connects glucose meters to iPhones. Meter readings are automatically downloaded, so patients can constantly monitor their blood-sugar levels.

But so far, the billion-dollar ICD industry has been cool to Campos’ campaign.

Interpreting data

The device is implanted for the therapy it delivers, not the information it gathers, manufacturers told Campos. They worry that patients unable to interpret the raw data might become alarmed.

One manufacturer is aware of the building controversy.

“Medtronic is looking into ways to provide patients with meaningful and actionable information with regard to their implantable devices,” said spokeswoman Kathleen Janasz. “We will take all of this feedback into consideration as we move forward in assessing the most appropriate solution.”

In resistance, Campos has decided on a risky political act, rejecting his remote monitor.

“I will not be monitored remotely unless I’m part of the loop,” he asserts.

But new allies have rallied to him: hackers.

More than a dozen engineers have volunteered to help him tap into the wireless system and unlock the data.

“I’ll get it,” he said, “one way or another.”

Contact Lisa M. Krieger at 408-920-5565.

For more information

http://icdusergroup.blogspot.com/

http://www.jopm.org/
http://www.onthemedia.org/2012/jan/20/who-owns-data-inside-your-body/

ONLINE EXTRA

Scan this code with a smartphone to see Campos’s speech at the TEDxCambridge conference.
Find a users’ group for people with implantable defibrillators like Campos’s. http://icdusergroup.
blogspot.com.
Hear an On the Media report about Campos: http://www.onthe
media.org/2012/jan/20/who-owns-data-inside-your-body/.

NSA & “Artificial Thought” Control ( IBM Blue Beam)

Diffuse Artificial Thought

“The advancement of techniques propel us toward the third step in the Blue Beam Project that goes along with the telepathic and electronically augmented two-way communication where ELF, VLF and LF waves will reach each person from within his or her own mind, convincing each of them that their own god is speaking to them from the very depths of their own soul. Such rays from satellites are fed from the memories of computers that have stored massive data about every human on earth, and their languages. The rays will then interlace with their natural thinking to form what we call diffuse artificial thought.”

So how could that be possible you ask? Easy. Enter Project Joshua Blue, currently under development by our favourite business machines company, IBM. Joshua Blue is a program with the stated goal of “Evolving an Emotional Mind in a Simulated Environment”, “to enhance artificial intelligence by evolving such capacities as common sense reasoning, natural language understanding, and emotional intelligence, acquired in the same manner as humans acquire them, through learning situated in a rich environment.”

This is software that is capable of learning and developing ‘emotions’ according to a related document “Feeling Fabricated: Artificial Emotion“. Parts of this project involve the development of Joshua so that emotion is part of it’s reasoning and these guidelines are being followed: Naturalness and believability, social effectiveness, and meaningfulness of displays to human observers. In fact, the main goal of Joshua Blue is to achieve cognitive flexibility that approaches human functioning. In other words – this is artificial intelligence that could be diffused with our own thought because it has been designed to ‘think like a human’.

A computer program which can read silently spoken words by analysing nerve signals in our mouths and throats, has been developed by NASA. In my previous post I outlined the technology that exists. In 1994, the brain wave patterns of 40 subjects were officially correlated with both spoken words and silent thought. This was achieved by a neurophysiologist, Dr Donald York, and a speech pathologist, Dr Thomas Jensen, from the University of Missouri. They clearly identified 27 words / syllables in specific brain wave patterns and produced a computer program with a brain wave vocabulary. It does not take much thinking to realise that the US agencies have access to a perfected version of this technology. In fact the relevant computers have a vocabulary in excess of 60,000 words and cover most languages. In fact, the NSA’s signals intelligence monitor the brainwaves of their targets by satellite and decode the evoked potentials (3.50Hz 5 milliwatts) that the brain emits. So, using lasers / satellites and high-powered computers the agencies have now gained the ability to decipher human thoughts – and from a considerable distance (instantaneously).

With these seemingly far fetched technologies in mind, althought evidently not so far fetched, also consider this final one. Silent subliminal presentation system: A communication system in which non aural carriers (in the very low or high audio frequency range or the ultrasonic frequency spectrum) are amplified or frequency modulated with the desired “intelligence”, and propagated acoustically or vibrationally for inducement directly into the brain. This can be done “live” or recorded/stored on magnetic, mechanical or optical media for delayed/repeated transmission to the target. Sound can also be induced by radiating the head with microwaves (in the range 100 to 10,000 mhz) that are modulated with a waveform consisting of frequency modulated bursts. HAARP of course is going to be handling all the microwaves.

Knowing all of this, Joshua Blue could in fact be being fed with your personal data (facebook, myspace, medical records, driving records, police records, shopping records etc.) and could be simultaniously extracting your actual, real time thought processes. It could then calculate alternate thought trains and depending on the ‘mission’, it could distract you, lead you to the wrong conclusions or drive you insane. It could even manage to make you convince yourself that yes, aliens truly are invading or Jesus really is talking to you from the clouds. With all the data we put out into the internet about ourselves through MSN, I’m 100% certain ‘they’ know how we talk and therefore how we think. This is way too feasible for me to be comfortable. If the thought that was generated artificially by the computer was so accurately precise how could you reasonably differentiate from AI and your own thought? This scares me.

Joshua Blue is specifically being designed to handle emotions, so thought patterns and logically chosen emotions to compliment them are going to be very hard to overcome.

THUGOCRACY: U.S. FED-POLICE VIGILANTES PERSECUTE CITIZEN TARGETS


• Multi-agency fusion center- directed, police-protected community “policing” thugs stalk, terrorize, home-invade their targets — including the journalist who has exposed the electromagnetic microwave radio frequency cellular “torture towers” being used to silently assault, torture, impair and harm extrajudicially “targeted individuals.”

• Rule of law breaks down in Bucks County, PA, home of mid-Atlantic states’ MAGLOCLEN-RISS Intelligence Center and no law enforcement agency — local, state or federal — will come to the aid of the unjustly targeted.

VIC LIVINGSTON
Over the past seven years, this veteran major market journalist has been poisoned, gassed, vandalized; relentlessly “gang stalked,” harassed, slandered; violated by home invaders and pervasive surveillance; and horrendously tortured and impaired by a stealth microwave radio frequency weapon system — and no law enforcement agency, local or federal, will pursue credible leads that could unmask the community goons and thugs — vigilantes and some uniformed officers — who continue to terrorize me, imprisoning me in what some are calling a ‘virtual Auschwitz.’
How could law enforcement allow this?
The answer is simple: Law enforcement, together with security and intelligence agencies of federal and local government, is the complicit overseer of a nationwide campaign of extrajudicial targeting, persecution and high-tech, electromagnetic silent torture — an American genocide.
The Gestapo-like mechanism that is committing serial crimes against humanity and the Constitution: the 72 regional “fusion centers” administered by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The fusion center “partners” include federal, state and local law enforcement, security, intelligence and revenue agencies, as well as security-related private companies, including telecommunications companies, defense contractors, and financial institutions.
The fusion center Gestapo comprises America’s shadow government, an iron-fisted, centralized apparatus of social and political control, a calculated bypass of elected officials and the courts that arrogantly acts as judge, jury and executioner — an authoritarian regime that makes a mockery of the Constitution and the rule of law.
This fusion center Gestapo is engaged in an inhumane criminal enterprise under the cover of national security and law enforcement. Its structure and tactics echo the efficient, centralized fascism of Nazi Germany. It is directed by a cultish security elite that has quietly usurped power from the nation’s elected lawmakers and judiciary — a federal bureaucrat- directed but grassroots- based American junta.
The fusion center Gestapo, by deliberate calculation, uses the wars on terror, crime and drugs as the pretext, the cover story, for what amounts to a slow-kill genocide — a hate- and ideology-driven silent holocaust directed at persons and entire families it unilaterally and extrajudicially condemns as unworthy of the rights supposedly guaranteed to all Americans under the U.S. Constitution.
The “targets” are untold thousands of citizens, and by extension, their families, who, without benefit of due process under the law, are regarded by faceless bureaucrats in federal and local agencies and commands as dissidents, undesirables, or “enemies of the state.”
As in Nazi Germany, journalists, intellectuals, ethnic minorities and homosexuals are among its prime targets. And it only takes someone in a position of authority within the vast fusion center ambit to set into motion the process that results in a citizen’s designation as a “T.I.” — a targeted individual unjustly condemned to an often foreshortened life of torment, personal and financial sabotage, and physical torture and impairment — slow-kill mass murder.
Politics, ethnic background, and prejudice factor heavily in the decision to extra-legally ruin lives and rip families apart by consigning “targets” to what security and military insiders have labeled “the torture matrix.”
The American Gestapo torture matrix is comprised of four main components:
CHARACTER ASSASSINATION AND FINANCIAL SABOTAGE
The extra-legally targeted person first realizes that he or she has been “thrown into the matrix” when their careers and personal lives take a sudden downturn, accompanied by whispered slanders and lies generated by the entity that first targeted them. A relentless campaign of character assassination, often conducted by persons unknown to the target, often results in sudden job loss, as employers are discreetly informed that their previously prized worker is now a “person of interest” to law enforcement. Strained family relations often follow as the slanders reach spouses and other relations. The character assassination is accompanied by financial sabotage — identity theft, stolen checks and important documents, often leading to financial loss, unfavorable credit terms and inflated balances on fabricated, counterfeited credit card and utility billing statements.

It soon becomes clear to the target that even the local bank or merchant, or at least some of their employees, are in on the expropriation scheme. Targets are treated rudely, with open contempt, by local businesspeople and even by previously friendly neighbors, who likely have been told lies about them by members of the “matrix” — also widely known as “the program.”
SURVEILLANCE AND ORGANIZED ‘GANG STALKING’ DOMESTIC TERRORISM
By this time, all of the targets’ communications — by telecommunications or in the supposed privacy of their own homes — are under constant surveillance, and often ideologically-driven censorship…
… by fusion center network “information systems” defense contractors, whose pervasive warrantless surveillance facilitates the community-based domestic terrorism that is soon to follow — “organized stalking,” commonly referred to as “gang stalking.” These terms are euphemisms for fusion center- coordinated persecution that often hides behind seemingly respectable, government-funded community policing, town watch, and citizen volunteer organizations such as Infragard, C.O.P.S., USA On Watch and Citizen Corps.
If the target does not already have a GPS-equipped vehicle, making it ready for warrantless tracking, a GPS beacon often is planted on the vehicle. The target’s cellphone also is used for tracking — and even targeting for silent microwave radio frequency attack (more on that later).
Squadrons of vehicle stalkers, often affiliated with town watch or community policing groups, relentlessly follow and often tailgate targets as they come into range of their own GPS units; the federally funded RISSNET network apparently supplies the stalker units with the targets’ GPS locations, often by way of local police departments who lord over the government-enabled vigilantes. Some of the stalkers may weave menacingly in the vicinity of the T.I.’s vehicle — or even try to cause an accident. Police may find the “target” at fault, or even may charge the stalking victim with a traffic violation, or a crime (including, ironically, a charge of “stalking”), should they complain.
Community stalkers often parade by the target’s home or conduct “noise campaigns” on nearby streets, or when T.I.’s venture out onto the road — often with the assistance of local firefighters and emergency medical technicians. Local police sometimes participate in this cruel harassment, which includes the phoning in of false alarms in the vicinity of the target — a drain on taxpayer-funded public safety resources.

DEATH BY A THOUSAND CUTS: HOME INTRUSIONS, STREET THEATER, LOSS OF PRIVACY, VANDALISM, COMMERCIAL SABOTAGE
Targets also find themselves the victims of serial incidents of surreptitious home entry; harassing phone calls; vandalism of appliances or major systems such as heating and cooling; even sadistic acts such as poisoning of food and water with foul tasting and hazardous chemicals, and the tearing and staining of clothing, rugs and furnishings. Such acts of criminal depravity often occur as the target and his family is sound asleep — and unlikely to awaken, due to silent radio frequency attack. (Again, more on that in a moment.).

The extra-legally targeted also find they no longer can expect good service, whether it’s in-home repair, at the local retailer, or at the auto service shop. They often find their vehicles mechanically or cosmetically vandalized, causing added expense, and a possible danger to vehicle occupants — or to other motorists driving nearby.
The stark fact is that this government-spawned torture matrix has created a subculture of sadism and cruel depravity. Those wondering why “bullying” has become endemic in our communities need look no further than the local fusion center- affiliated community “watch” Gestapo. Indeed, fusion center- affiliated agencies sponsor weekend retreats for “program” members, where, it has been reported, bullying and harassment methods and tactics are carefully taught.
Want to know who’s doing this locally, where you live? Ask a neighbor for the name of the local “block captain.” Then ask him or her whether “community watch” sometimes turns into community-based harassment and acts of malicious vandalism and psychological torment. See if the answer satisfies you after reading this article and the accompanying linked material.
This “death by a thousand cuts” — the stalking, the character assassination and community “shunning,” the financial sabotage, the home intrusions, the vandalism — is expressly designed to wreak psychological damage on targeted persons, to deconstruct their lives and their personalities, erode their self-confidence and their ability to earn a living, destroy their family and social relations — to neutralize them.
These are the same cruel tactics practiced by authoritarian regimes past and present, from the Nazis to the Communist Chinese.
In hopes of using law enforcement and the health care system as instruments of social neutralization, community vigilante stalkers engage their targets in elaborate set-ups and stunts directed and scripted by their “team leaders.” This “street theater” is intended to unnerve their prey and provoke a response. If the target reacts with often justifiable irritation or anger, other stalkers are there as “witnesses,” should the encounter attract the attention of law enforcement — whose officers already may have been tipped off to the attempted entrapment. It has happened to me repeatedly over the past seven years, as in a contrived confrontation that led to my assault, false arrest and false imprisonment by Falls Township, Bucks County, PA police:
But relatively few street theater scenarios involve law enforcement. Most times, the play-acting is done out of sadistic, petty spite, as I describe in a recent article about the night I visited a Lowe’s hardware superstore trying to find a sink disposer part that was deliberately sabotaged by home intruding community terrorists:
THE FUSION CENTER GESTAPO’S FINAL SOLUTION:  SILENT ELECTROMAGNETIC TORTURE AND IMPAIRMENT — A SLOW-KILL GENOCIDE
The “psychological operations” conducted against targeted persons pale in terms of sheer bestiality when compared to the “final solution” engineered into the fusion center Gestapo plan: silent high-tech torture, impairment, induction of fatigue, stroke, aneurysms, heart attack or other injury and disease — a slow-kill homicide — by means of covert electromagnetic attack.
The covert irradiation of unknowing citizens is facilitated by a U.S. government microwave radio frequency “directed energy” weapon system installed on cell tower masts nationwide — and capable of the precision-targeting of unique individuals — or entire populations.
The existence of these weapons of mass or personal destruction in every neighborhood and along every highway in America was first revealed a year ago by this journalist, who himself continues to be a victim of these heinous attacks:
Nearly eight years of electromagnetic attack have caused serious damage to my physical well-being, including chronic pain; weakened musculature and stamina; chronic fatigue; degraded eyesight and hearing; fibrous tumors; and other physical maladies too disturbing to mention here.
Hospitals and medical facilities in my region, and probably yours, are thoroughly infiltrated by the community stalker brigades; I’ve been subject to sadistic treatment, even to what I believe were harmful procedures such as unnecessary multiple X-rays and even a CAT scan that caused pain — and my outcry elicited a sadistic remark from the technician. This happened at a well-respected central New Jersey hospital center.
When I retrieved the X-ray, I found the name of another person on the actual film, under a sticky label upon which my name had been typed. So I was not surprised when a doctor informed me in 2004, the year I became aware of my targeting, that the X-ray revealed an “aging brain.” I didn’t dare tell her that I believed the X-ray belonged to someone else; if I had, she would have bought the line that I was delusional — just what certain entities may have wanted her to conclude.
I was only 54 years old at the time. I believe I was being set up by unknown authorities seeking to declare me incompetent — a felonious, fraudulent scheme if there ever was one. Perhaps that explains why another patient’s name was on the film. Since no authority will come to my aid, and because it is unlikely that I could have found an attorney to file a lawsuit on a contingency basis absent physical damage arising from the procedure, I just let it drop — and haven’t written about it until today.

 

HOW COULD THIS HAPPEN ‘UNDER THE RADAR?’ REMEMBER HISTORY. NEVER FORGET.
So how, readers may ask, can such a nationwide horror escape the attention of the public, and the news media? The answer is simple. It is the same answer to the question as to how the Jews and other oppressed people of pre-war Germany could not fathom the holocaust that was about to consume their livelihoods and their lives:

The belief that “it can’t happen here.”
Continue reading at NowPublic.com: THUGOCRACY: U.S. FED-POLICE VIGILANTES PERSECUTE CITIZEN TARGETS | NowPublic News Coverage http://www.nowpublic.com/world/thugocracy-u-s-fed-police-vigilantes-persecute-citizen-targets#ixzz1auXeUxlZ

 

BRAIN AND SATELLITE SURVEILLANCE, ASSAULT AND TORTURE

NSA Signals Intelligence Use of EMF Brain Stimulation

NSA Signals Intelligence uses EMF Brain Stimulation for Remote Neural Monitoring (RNM) and Electronic Brain Link (EBL). EMF Brain Stimulation has been in development since the MKUltra program of the early 1950’s, which included neurological research into “radiation” (non-ionizing EMF) and bioelectric research and development. The resulting secret technology is categorized at the National Security Archives as “Radiation Intelligence,” defined as “information from unintentionally emanated electromagnetic waves in the environment, not including radioactivity or nuclear detonation.”
Signals Intelligence implemented and kept this technology secret in the same manner as other electronic warfare programs of the U.S. government. The NSA monitors available information about this technology and withholds scientific research from the public. There are also international intelligence agency agreements to keep this technology secret.

The NSA has proprietary electronic equipment that analyzes electrical activity in humans from a distance. NSA computer-generated brain mapping can continuously monitor all the electrical activity in die brain continuously. The NSA records and decodes individual brain maps (of hundreds of thousands of persons) for national security purposes. EMF Brain Stimulation is also secretly used by the military for Brain-to-computer link. (In military fighter aircraft, for example.)

For electronic surveillance purposes electrical activity in the speech center of the brain can be translated into the subject’s verbal thoughts. RNM can send encoded signals to the brain’s auditory cortex thus allowing audio communication direct to the brain (bypassing the ears). NSA operatives can use this to covertly debilitate subjects by simulating auditory hallucinations characteristic of paranoid schizophrenia. 

Without any contact with the subject, Remote Neural Monitoring can map out electrical activity from the visual cortex of a subject’s brain and show images from the subject’s brain on a video monitor. NSA operatives see what the surveillance subject’s eyes are seeing. Visual memory can also be seen. RNM can send images direct to the visual cortex. bypassing the eyes and optic nerves. NSA operatives can use this to surreptitiously put images in a surveillance subject’s brain while they are in R.E.M. sleep for brain- programming purposes. 

Capabilities of NSA operatives using RNM

There has been a Signals Intelligence network in the U.S. since the 1940’s. The NSA, Ft. Meade has in place a vast two-way wireless RNM system which is used to track subjects and non-invasively monitor audio-visual information in their brain. This is all done with no physical contact with the subject. RNM is the ultimate method of surveillance and domestic intelligence. Speech and 3D sound, and subliminal audio can be sent to the auditory cortex of the subject’s brain (bypassing the ears) and images can be sent into the visual cortex. RNM can alter a subject’s perceptions, moods, and motor control.

Speech cortex/auditory cortex link has become the ultimate communications system for the intelligence community. RNM allows for a complete audio-visual brain-to-brain link or brain-to-computer link. 

National Security Agency Signals Intelligence Electronic Brain Link Technology

NSA SigInt can remotely detect, identify and monitor a person’s bioelectric fields.

The NSA’s Signals Intelligence has the proprietary ability to remotely and non-invasively monitor information in the human brain by digitally decoding the evoked potentials in the 30-50 hz,.5 milliwatt electro-magnetic emissions from the brain.

Neuronal activity in the brain creates a shifting electrical pattern that has a shifting magnetic flux. This magnetic flux puts out a constant 30-50 hz, .5 milliwatt electromagnetic (EMF) wave. Contained in the electromagnetic emission from the brain are spikes and patterns called “evoked potentials.”

Every thought, reaction, motor command, auditory event, and visual image in the brain has a corresponding “evoked potential” or set of “evoked potentials.” The EMF emission from the brain can be decoded into the current thoughts, images and sounds in the subject’s brain.

NSA SigInt uses EMF-transmitted Brain Stimulation as a communications system to transmit information (as well as nervous system messages) to intelligence agents and also to transmit to the brains of covert operations subjects (on a non-perceptible level).

EMF Brain Stimulation works by sending a complexly coded and pulsed electromagnetic signal to trigger evoked potentials (events) in the brain, thereby forming sound and visual images in the brain’s neural circuits. EMF Brain Stimulation can also change a person’s brain-states and affect motor control.
Two-way Electronic Brain-Link is done by remotely monitoring neural audio-visual information while transmitting sound to the auditory cortex (bypassing the ears) and transmitting faint images to the visual cortex (bypassing the optic nerves and eyes, the images appear as floating 2-D screens in the brain).

Two-Way Electronic Brain Link has become the ultimate communications system for CIA/NSA personnel. Remote Neural Monitoring (RNM, remotely monitoring bioelectric information in the human brain) has become the ultimate surveillance system. It is used by a limited number of agents in the U.S. Intelligence Community.

RNM requires decoding the resonance frequency of each specific brain area. That frequency is then modulated in order to impose information in That specific brain area. The frequency to which the various brain areas respond varies from 3 Hz to 50 Hz. Only NSA Signals Intelligence modulates signals in this frequency band.

An example of EMF Brain Stimulation: 

Brain Area

Bioelectric
Resonance
Frequency

Information Induced
Through Modulation

Motor Control Cortex

10 HZ

Motor Impulse Co-ordination
Auditory Cortex

15 HZ

Sound which bypasses the ears
Visual Cortex

25 HZ

Images in the brain, bypassing the eyes
Somatosensory Cortex

09 HZ

Phantom Touch Sense
Thought Center

20 HZ

Imposed Subconscious Thoughts

The New Torture / Murder Surveillance of America

An introduction to the effects of “ACOUSTICS” on the human body.

Lately the mainstream television media has addressed the issue of illegal surveillance possibly performed on and against American citizens within the borders of the United States, and has mentioned wiretapping, and reading of e-mails, but no real mention of the heavy duty “ACOUSTICS”.  “Acoustics” refers to the more sophisticated type of surveillance devices which can actually be used as WEAPONS when deployed certain ways.  The “I.R. laser” can be aimed at an area or focused on a window pane or other part of a building or vehicle and can pick up sounds and conversations which can be transferred through electronic circuitry and amplified to produce recognizable conversations and voices, etc..  Whether this device is aimed directly at a person within the building or vehicle, and how close the device is aimed from may determine how much ear ringing or skull pressure and general aggravation the target-victim may suffer.  Also any ability of the operator to alter the modulation of these devices may have an additional effect on the target-victim.  Recently there were incidents on mainstream television news in the past few years of aircraft pilots getting lasers aimed into their cockpits, and the reports of persons going blind or partially blind continues as well, though much of the blindness injury reports escapes the media.

In the event the surveillance lasers are used in the attacks on airliner pilots within their cockpits and the unexplained blindness injuries, do you think government agents would actually admit they have abused these surveillance weapon-devices?  If one could show a jury in a courtroom the harm these devices are capable of doing to a human body up close, would it not stand for reason that they are harmful at any distance to the body, especially sensitive organs ??!!!  I doubt seriously if any law enforcement or military person would want to get in front of one of these devices and stay there for as long as they have aimed them at surveillance target-victims.  Why??

Surely the personnel who use these lasers have been trained and briefed on the possible effects of direct exposure.  There are other forms of these surveillance weapon devices which use sonar type technology, microwave, etc., etc., and most use radiation.  Whether one aims non-nuclear, electromagnetic radiation at a person, or nuclear gamma X-ray at someone, the effects on a long term overall basis to the human body will most always result in some debilitation like cancer or anemia, or chronic fatigue, or possibly even a condition of inflammation of blood vessels which can also result in death.

Regardless of what kind of radiation one cares to mention, if it is applied to the human body the results can be catastrophic if the radiation is re-applied over and over again on a regular basis.  How does this relate to today’s topic of surveillance?  Once again, if surveillance weapon-devices depend on emitting radiation aimed at target persons to hear the information then the target persons are receiving doses of radiation and we can say the device operators are “radiating” the target victim.

Enough repeated exposure sessions and the target victim person may begin to feel bad.  Let’s look at an early form of one of these devices which was used against an American embassy’s personnel later, and for now, let’s concentrate on the significance of how the Patriot Act allows abuses of these surveillance weapons on individuals domestically, that is, within the United States.

Under normal circumstances if the United States was not operating under the Emergency War Powers Act and other emergency laws, it would require a warrant be issued by a court of law in order to wiretap or invade one’s space with a microwave listening or infra red laser device and that would require a show of cause to a judge as in a “show cause” order.  At least some form of rudimentary evidence of possible terrorism or dangerous activity to provide “probable cause” for such investigation would need to be produced against the target person to be spied on before authorities could proceed with the sophisticated radiation producing weapon-devices, and the main point of all this is………..this would leave a legal record of when, and, consequently, how many times the targeted subject was radiated !!!!  Without this record a person can be relatively burned up with these weapons, having no way to accomplish discovery and form a lawsuit or counter suit against this brutal space-age abuse!!!

According to what I’ve seen, The Patriot Act forbids persons knowing of certain types of investigations from telling the target person he or she is being investigated, and applies even if the target is a relative.  Do you see what a perfect setup has been arranged for completely blindsiding, victimizing, and destroying a target-victim by various illegal programs of discrimination by authorities in the United States?  Don’t forget the F.B.I. Cointelpro program which may be called something else these days.  Remember how the late actress, Jean Seberg, was mentally tortured by the false, planted newspaper rumors and had a miscarriage?  She was later found “suicided”, dead for about 11 days, I think.

With no legal recourse, no legal remedy, no redress of grievance, the present day American public is literally falling apart.  In California one tortured man ran out of his house using his baby daughter as a human shield as he charged the police, allegedly firing at them with a gun, and he and daughter were gunned down and killed.  But, nowhere did anyone I know hear any news reports of whether acoustics were used on him and his family.  This man may have been driven mad by acoustics.  The press won’t say.

Perhaps those who don’t buy the phony Warren Commission Report just need a big dose of mind control, super duper microwave surveillance radiation, and, gee, without the need of a warrant issued by a judge who knows his or her bill of rights, such a skeptic can, without a doubt, be re-surveilled (radiated and treated) again and again.

Microwave Surveillance is Mind Control.  Microwave mind control hides government corruption as it destroys the target victims.  Target victims are citizens who are a liability to the crime families and syndicates who run and control the United States.

 

http://www.informamerica.net/

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